Insulin response from milk was approximately 5-fold greater than would be anticipated from the glucose response. The serum insulin and plasma glucose responses to milk and fruit products in type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic patients. Gannom M.C., Nuttal F.Q., Krezowski P.A., Billington C.J., Parker s. Diabetologia. November 1986, Vol. 29, No.11, 784-791.
Neither the carbohydrate content nor the glycemic index enable prediction of postprandial insulin requirements in insulin-deficient diabetes. Comparison of glycemic response and insulin requirement after mixed meals of equal carbohydrate content in healthy, type-1, and type-2 diabetic man. Schrezenmeir J., Tato F., Kustner E., Krause U., Hommel G., Asp N.G., Kasper H., Beyer J. Journal of Klin Wochenschr. October 2nd 1989, Vol.67, No.19, 985-994.
Insulin determines bioavailability of IGF-1. Effect of insulin on the hepatic production of insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1(IGFBP-1), IGHBP-3, and IGH-1 in insulin-dependent diabetes. Brismar K., Fernqvist-Forbes E., Wahren J., Hall K. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology Metabolism. September 1994, Vol. 79, No. 3, 872-878.
Milk products have 3-fold to 6-fold higher insulinemic indexes than expected from the corresponding glycemic indexes. Inconsistency between glycemic and insulinemic responses to regular and fermented milk products. Elin M. Osman, G.M. Liljeberg Elmstahl., Inger ME Bjorck. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. July 2001, Vol. 74, No.1, 96-100.
Milk proteins have insulinotropic properties Glycemia and insulinemia in healthy subjects after lactose-equivalent meals of milk and other food proteins…Mikael Nilsson, Marianne Stenberg, Anders H. Frid, Jens J Holst, Inger M.E. Bjorck. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. November 2004, Vol. 80, No.5, 1246-1253.
Patent. Bovine milk is inadequate for human consumption. Milk and milk-based products modified to exhibit a reduced insulinemic index and/or reduced mitogenic activity. Application number PCT/EP2010/054973. Inventor Bodo Melnik.